In Spanish Grammar, Spanish Lessons

Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives

In this grammar lesson you will learn how to use Spanish demonstrative adjectives like “this car”, “these cars”, “that car” and “those cars”.

The video is all in Spanish, so try to follow along with the explanation, then use the transcript and English translation below to check your comprehension or if you have any questions.

*This video is a sample video from our full Spanish Immersion Course – Beginner Level (A1) Grammar videos. The entire course is also available for purchase.

Spanish & English

Sobre la referencia espacial:
Algunas palabras en español nos dan una referencia espacial. Por ejemplo, cuando decimos “Estas aquí”, significa que estás cerca. Nos indica el primer grado de distancia: Aquí

El primer grado de distancia es Aquí, el segundo grado de distancia es Ahí y el tercer grado de distancia es Allí.
Hablamos de cosas que están cerca, más lejos y más lejos.

El coche está AQUÍ,
significa que está cerca

El coche está AHÍ,
significa que está un poco más lejos

El coche está ALLÍ,
significa que está aún más lejos

Con el femenino, La casa está AQUí,
significa que está cerca

La casa está AHÍ,
significa que está un poco más lejos

La casa está ALLÍ,
significa que está aún más lejos

Acompañan al nombre para indicar el grado de distancia

Por ejemplo,
El coche ¿Qué coche? ESTE coche
significa que está cerca, en el primer grado de distancia.

Los coches, en plural, ESTOS coches

Si usamos el femenino
La casa, diríamos ESTA casa

Y si usamos el plural, diríamos ESTAS casas …………………
El coche y la casa están cerca

En el segundo grado de distancia, un poco más lejos diríamos
ESE coche / ESOS coches
ESA casa / ESAS casas

Un pequeño truco para recordar estos adjetivos demostrativos es quitar la “T” y tener ese, esos, esa, esas

En el tercer grado de distancia, usaríamos los adjetivos
AQUEL coche (está más lejos)/ AQUELLOS coches
AQUELLA casa / AQUELLAS casas …………………………

En resumen, los adjetivos demostrativos son los siguientes:
En masculino- este, ese, aquel
O en femenino- esta, esa, o aquella
Y para el plural usamos -estos, esos, aquellos
Y en femenino- estas, esas, aquellas ………………………..

Las palabras que nos indican la referencia espacial son: Aquí, Ahí, o Allí

En algunos lugares de Latinoamérica, ellos dicen Acá (y no Aquí) o dicen Allá (y no AllÍ).

About the spatial reference:
Some words in Spanish give us a spatial reference. For example, when we say “You are here”, it means that you are close.
It indicates to us the first grade of distance: Here

The first grade of distance is here, the second grade of distance is there and the third grade of distance is Over there.
We speak of thinks that are close, more far {further}, and further.

The car is HERE
It means that it is close

The car is THERE
It means that it is a little further

The car is OVER THERE
It means that it is further still

With the feminine, The house is HERE
Means that it is close

The house is THERE,
It means that it is a little further

The house is OVER THERE,
It means that it is further still

They accompany the name for indicating the grade of distance

For example,
The car – What car? THIS car
It means that it is close, in the first grade of distance

The cars, in plural, THESE cars

If we use the feminine
The house, we would say THIS house

And if we use the plural we would say THESE houses
The car and the house are close

In the second grade of distance, a little further we would say
THAT car / THOSE cars
THAT house / THOSE houses

A little trick for remembering these demonstrative adjectives is to take of the “T” and to have that, those, that, those

In the third grade of distance, we would use the adjectives
THAT OVER THERE car (it is further) THOSE OVER THERE cars

In summary, the demonstrative adjectives are the following:
In masculine – this, that, that over there
Or in feminine – this, that, that over there
And for the plural we uses – these, those, those over there
And in feminine – these, those, those over there

The word that indicates to us the spatial reference are: Here, There, or Over there

In some places from Latin America, they say ACÁ (and not AQUÍ) or they say ALLÁ ( and not ALLÍ)

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