In Spanish Grammar, Spanish Lessons

The Gerund in Spanish

In this Spanish grammar lesson for beginners you will learn about the gerund, which is used to express an action in progress. In English, it is the equivalent of adding “ing” to a verb.  The video is all in Spanish, so try to follow along with the explanation and the visual cues provided.  A further description of the gerund is below in English

Forming the gerund in Spanish

We generally use the ‘ing’ ending in English (known as the gerund) to signify an action that is occurring now (ahora):

I am talking
I am eating
I am learning
I am listening
I am writing

In Spanish, to create this same ‘ing’ ending, we must use the conjugated form of the verb estar (estoy, estás, está, estamos, estáis, or están) and add to it, the gerund.

To form the gerund, we replace the ending of the verb with either ‘ando‘ or an ‘iendo‘ , depending on whether it is an ar, or er/ir verb, respectively:

Estoy hablando (hablar) = I am talking
Estoy comiendo (comer) = I am eating
Estoy aprendiendo (aprender) = I am learning
Estoy escuchando (escuchar) = I am listening
Estoy escribiendo (escribir) = I am writing

For example:
Estoy cantando = I am singing
Estás comiendo  = you are eating
Está saliendo = he/she is leaving

The gerund is different from the present tense, as the present tense may refer to an action happening now or a habitual action, while the gerund talks about a continuous action occurring right now:

Maria canta = Maria sings
vs
Maria está cantando = Maria is singing

 

Pedro come = Pedro eats
vs
Pedro está comiendo = Pedro is eating

 

Luisa estudia = Luisa studies
vs
Luisa está estudiando = Luisa is studying

 

*This video is a sample video made from our full Spanish Immersion Course – Beginner Level (A1) Grammar videos.  The entire course is available at www.happyhourspanish.com

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